Periodontics are dental professionals who specialize in diagnosing, treating, and preventing periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a serious condition that causes the gums to swell and break down such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Plaque and tartar build up on teeth and cause the swelling of your gums that can make your gums hurt and bleed when you brush your teeth.
These conditions can cause pockets between teeth, which can be infected, and cause the loss of teeth and even the jawbones. The Periodontist will do x-rays to determine the depth of infection, thoroughly clean your teeth and gums, and prescribe medication that treats infection. They can also perform surgery to fix the deep spaces by securing the gums around the teeth.